Is Taser Gun Legal in Nigeria?

Last updated on October 3rd, 2023 at 11:23 pm

In Nigeria, the topic of taser gun legality has become a matter of great concern. As you may already know, tasers are non-lethal electroshock weapons used to incapacitate people temporarily, allowing the user to protect themselves in self-defense situations. It’s essential to understand the legal regulations surrounding taser guns in Nigeria, especially if you’re considering getting one for personal protection.

taser gun in nigeria

The use of taser guns in Nigeria is, in fact, legal as long as they are used for self-defense purposes. There is no need for a police clearance, license or permit to import, export, distribute, sell, purchase, own, possess, carry, display, or use a taser gun within Nigeria. However, employing a taser gun for criminal activities, or possessing one with a criminal intent, is considered illegal and potentially punishable by law. This distinction makes it crucial for you to be aware of the legal implications and responsibilities involved in the ownership and use of taser guns in Nigeria.

IS TASER GUN LEGAL IN NIGERIA?

Taser guns are indeed legal in Nigeria, but only for specific purposes. You can legally use a taser gun for self-defense situations, allowing you the comfort of knowing that you have a non-lethal weapon at your disposal should the need arise. However, possession of a taser gun with a criminal intent or using it for criminal activities is illegal and punishable by law.

It is important to know that you don’t need a police clearance, license, or permit to import, export, distribute, sell, purchase, own, possess, carry, display, or use taser guns, stun guns, or pepper sprays in Nigeria. There is no federal or state law prohibiting the use of such defensive weapons; however, your usage must be restricted to genuine self-defense purposes, as violating this rule can lead to severe consequences.

Using a stun gun for criminal activities or with the intent to commit a felony is a crime, punishable by up to 3 years imprisonment. The federal enactments that support this stance include the Criminal Code and the Firearms Act.

POSITION OF THE LAW ON TASER GUNS IN NIGERIA

In Nigeria, taser guns are considered legal when used for self-defense purposes. You do not require a police clearance, license, or permit to import, export, distribute, sell, purchase, own, possess, carry, display, or use a taser gun within the country. There is no federal or state law that explicitly prohibits the use of taser guns or other similar self-defense weapons.

However, it is essential to understand that using a taser gun for criminal activities or carrying one with malicious intent is illegal in Nigeria. If you are found using a stun gun for purposes other than self-defense, you may face legal consequences, including imprisonment. Always ensure that you abide by the Nigerian laws on self-defense weapons and use them responsibly.

Remember that your primary goal for owning a taser gun should be self-protection. Keep in mind that misuse of such tools can result in severe legal repercussions that may include up to three years of imprisonment for using a stun gun in criminal activities or with criminal intent.

Stun guns, pepper sprays, and taser guns are all considered offensive weapons in Nigeria, in contrast to Hong Kong, France, and Kenya where they are classified as firearms. In Nigeria, offensive weapons are understood to be those that are not designed to injure someone. Weapons like guns, cutlasses, matches, daggers, and spears are designed to hurt people when they are used against them.

A police clearance license is not necessary to own, carry, purchase, use, import, or sell a Taser gun in Nigeria as it is not considered an offensive weapon as it cannot harm an individual. However, only when employed in self-defense situations can Taser guns be used without breaching the law.

That implies a crime that is punishable by law is deemed to have been committed if this non-lethal self-defense weapon is used to engage in criminal conduct or is held to commit a crime. According to the terms of numerous established federal laws, this offence carries a sentence of up to 3 years in jail.

The following federal legislation serve as the foundation for what the law says about taser guns in Nigeria:

  • Sections 1, 403B, 408, 223, 224 and 225 of the Criminal Code Act 1916
  • Sections 1 and 2 of the Firearm Act 1959
  • Sections 11 and 12 of the Robbery and Firearms (Special Provision) Act 1984
  • Sections 8(3) and 13 of the Public Order Act 1979

HOW DOES A TASER GUN WORK?

A Taser gun works by firing two small barbed darts, attached to thin wires, which pierce the target’s skin and deliver an electric charge. The darts are fired at high speeds, around 55 m/s (120 mph; 200 km/h), and can reach a target up to 4.5 m (15 ft) away. The electrical current is designed to incapacitate the target, allowing them to be safely approached and handled.

When you activate a Taser gun, an electrical circuit is completed, and the charge is sent through the wires and into the target’s body. The electric current disrupts the target’s muscle control, causing temporary incapacitation without inflicting lasting harm. This makes the Taser gun an effective tool for self-defense and law enforcement purposes.

To ensure proper functioning and safety, it is essential to understand the operation and maintenance of a Taser gun, including:

  • Loading: When loading your Taser gun, make sure the cartridge is properly seated and locked in place. The cartridge contains the barbed darts and propellant needed for firing.
  • Aiming: Aim for the target’s center mass and avoid the face and groin areas to minimize injury risk. Ensure you have a clear line of sight and proper distance for optimal performance.
  • Firing: After aiming, pull the trigger to release the darts. Maintain a firm grip on the Taser and be prepared for the recoil when the darts are fired.
  • Safety: Always treat the Taser gun as if it is loaded and activated. Keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready to fire, and never point it at someone unless you intend to use it in self-defense.

TYPES OF TASER GUNS AVAILABLE IN NIGERIA

Below are the taser guns that you can purchase in Nigeria today

  • STUN GUNS

Stun guns are a type of Taser gun that relies on direct contact with the target. They deliver a high-voltage shock when touched against the attacker’s body, causing pain, muscle contractions, and disorientation.

  • CONDUCTED ELECTRICAL WEAPONS (CEWS)

Conducted Electrical Weapons, commonly known as CEWs or Tasers, are the most widely recognized type of Taser guns. They work by shooting electrically charged darts into the target’s body from a distance. The darts remain connected to the Taser gun by thin wires, allowing the electrical current to pass through.

AVERAGE PRICE RANGE OF TASER GUNS IN NIGERIA

  • Low-End Taser Guns

Low-end Taser guns in Nigeria typically range from ₦30,000 to ₦50,000. These are basic models that offer standard functionality and may have shorter ranges or fewer features.

  • Mid-Range Taser Guns

Mid-range Taser guns fall within the price range of ₦70,000 to ₦130,000. They offer better features, longer ranges, and improved overall performance.

  • High-End Taser Guns

High-end Taser guns are priced above ₦150,000. These models are often from well-known brands and offer advanced features, longer ranges, and enhanced durability.

WHERE TO BUY TASER GUNS IN NIGERIA

Taser guns can be purchased from authorized dealers and stores specializing in self-defense products. These establishments ensure the authenticity and quality of the products they sell. Several online platforms and marketplaces in Nigeria provide a wide selection of Taser guns. It is important to choose reputable sellers and verify their credibility before making a purchase.

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS TO KEEP IN MIND WHEN HANDLING A TASER GUN

When using a Taser gun in Nigeria, it is crucial that you take certain precautions and follow best practices to ensure your safety and those around you. Here are some important points to remember:

  • Understand the law: Before using or carrying a Taser gun, familiarize yourself with the laws regarding their use and possession in Nigeria. Currently, it is legal in Nigeria to import, export, distribute, sell, purchase, own, possess, carry, display, or use any offensive weapons, including Taser guns, without a police clearance, license, or permit.
  • Use it for self-defense only: A Taser gun should only be used in self-defense situations when you or someone else is in imminent danger. The use of a Taser gun in other circumstances might be deemed illegal and could have serious consequences.
  • Learn how to operate it: Before employing a Taser gun, make sure you know how it works, and practice using it under controlled conditions. Accidents can be minimized by understanding safety features, trigger mechanisms, and proper handling techniques.
  • Keep it secure: Store your Taser gun in a secure location that is inaccessible to children, unauthorized users, and potential thieves. Use a secure storage container or lockable case to prevent accidents and unauthorized access.
  • Maintain it: Like any electronic device or weapon, a Taser gun can malfunction if not properly maintained. Regularly inspect your Taser gun for any signs of damage, and clean it as recommended by the manufacturer.
  • Avoid excessive force: When using a Taser gun, aim for the lower torso or, if necessary, the upper legs. Avoid using excessive force or targeting sensitive areas like the face, neck, or genitals, which can cause severe injuries or even death.


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Oluchi Chukwu

Oluchi is a seasoned Information blogger, content developer and the editor of Nigerian Queries. She is a tech enthusiast who loves reading, writing and research

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