Top 5 States That Speaks Pidgin English Most in Nigeria

Which states in Nigeria speak Pidgin English the most? In a country with over 500 native languages, this creole language helps bridge communication gaps.

Pidgin English is a popular lingua franca spoken in Nigeria and other West African countries. It is a simplified version of English that allows people who speak different native languages to communicate.

For Naija, Pidgin dey popular well-well for southern states wey get access to coastal areas and waterways where European traders and missionaries first bring the early pidgin talk.

pidgin english in nigeria

But 5 states stand out as pioneers of this simplified English. What are the leading Pidgin English territories in Nigeria?


Pidgin English is a popular lingua franca spoken across Nigeria. It is a simplified version of English fused with local Nigerian languages. This unique hybrid language serves as a means of communication between people who do not share a common native language.

While Pidgin English is spoken across all states in Nigeria, some regions use it more extensively in their daily interactions. In this article, we highlight the top 5 states where Pidgin English usage is most widespread and commonly heard.


Lagos state emerges as the region where Pidgin English enjoys the highest popularity in Nigeria. As the commercial capital and the biggest city for Naija, Lagos dey attract people from all over the country. Pidgin serves as the language that bridges communication gaps and facilitates business and social interactions.

The influx of rural migrants into Lagos in search of socioeconomic opportunities has also catalyzed the growth of Pidgin English. It enables effective communication between the locals and new settlers with varied language backgrounds. From street hawkers to shop owners, majority of Lagosians speak Pidgin effortlessly as a vital tool for their commercial activities and daily lives.

With over 21 million people wey dey live there, Lagos na number one pidgin speaker for Nigeria. Colorful slangs and words from native languages dey enter the Pidgin wey dey evolve everyday.


For Rivers state, Pidgin dey popular with everybody, both young and old dey use am. The tourism slogan “Rivers of possibilities” also mean say Rivers get different kinds of Pidgin.

The oil-rich Rivers state also ranks high in Pidgin English usage across its cities like Port Harcourt, Ogoni and Akpor. As a linguistically diverse state, Pidgin serves as the common denominator for its many residents. It is the state’s main medium for bargaining, buying, selling, and friendly banter.

The prevalence of the petroleum industry and maritime activities have also attracted people from different tribes seeking employment opportunities. ALSO READ: MOST POPULAR LANGUAGES SPOKEN IN NIGERIA.

Pidgin English enables effective exchange of ideas and instructions between the locals and non-locals working together in Rivers’ industrial setup. The shared understanding facilitated by Pidgin has greatly benefited the state’s economy and development.


The many cultures for Delta state make Pidgin English connect over 5 million people wey come from different backgrounds. As former Southern Capital, people from all over Naija don stay Delta before. Wetin join them be say them dey use Delta Pidgin tok.

In the Southern oil-producing state, Pidgin English is extensively used for intra-state and inter-state interactions. The state features three major ethnic groups – Urhobo, Igbo and Isoko, along with other minor tribes with varied native tongues. Pidgin serves as the handshake between these linguistically-varied groups.


Taking the number four spot is Edo state, where Pidgin English serves as a common mode of conversation over diverse populations.

Thousands of years of history in the ancient Benin Kingdom, through colonial rule and Nigerian independence, have attracted long-settled migrants and visitors from far and wide.

This state has therefore absorbed many influences that indigenize Edo Pidgin in a spicy medley of cultural flavors. As modern Benin City evolves into a metropolitan hub, you can overhear lively Pidgin banter in every corner – from bustling markets to outdoor sports like wrestling.

In fact, Edo has a tradition of using Pidgin English in some folk songs performed in cultural festivals. Their Pidgin also borrows heavily from the Edo language itself, with unique words and expressions incorporated into daily vocabulary and figures of speech.


The majority of Akwa Ibom state’s population speaks Pidgin English in their everyday life. The state dey proudly for Nigeria South-South near the atlantic ocean. E get boundary with English speaking Cameroon so e be like linguistic gate. The people sabi speak English for official things and Ibibio, Annang & Oron languages for house. But na Pidgin be the main language wey everibodi dey use talk.

As an ethnically homogenous state with the Ibibio tribe being predominant, Pidgin serves as the state’s main lingua franca. It connects the locals with the growing influx of non-Ibibio domestic immigrants and foreigners.

The popularity of Pidgin English has risen tremendously in Akwa Ibom’s capital Uyo, which has experienced massive growth and infrastructural development lately.


Cross River state has the highest number of languages in Nigeria. The linguistic diversity in the State’s urban citizenry comprising of the Efik, Ejagham and Bekwarra tribes, makes Pidgin English instrumental for inter-ethnic interactions.

Pidgin usage in Cross River is widespread starting from government offices to public spaces like markets and motor parks. With many foreign tourists also flocking to the state’s tropical rainforests and beaches, Pidgin English enables effective communication between locals and visitors. ALSO READ: TOP 10 STATES WITH THE HIGHEST NUMBER OF LANGUAGES IN NIGERIA.


In a nutshell, while Nigeria’s ethnic diversity translates to a multiplicity of native languages, Pidgin English has emerged as the connective tissue that binds various people.

The five states discussed above highlight why Pidgin enjoys immense popularity for inter-group and intra-group communication. From facilitating trade and commerce to enabling social cohesion, Pidgin continues to serve Nigeria’s lingua franca needs like no other language.

In closing, Lagos, Rivers, Delta, Akwa Ibom and Cross River contain Nigeria’s largest Pidgin-speaking populations. Coastal access enabled European traders to introduce early pidgin vocabulary by the 16th century.

Now in the 21st century, it thrives as an official communication tool, spreading new slangs and phrases. Has Pidgin English helped unite Nigeria’s diversity?

Definitely, it remains the common tongue of over 60 million people across ethnic groups. It also continues to evolve, welcoming creative expressions and spellings. So don’t be surprised if a Nigerian Pidgin dictionary gets published soon!

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Oluchi Chukwu

Oluchi is a seasoned Information blogger, content developer and the editor of Nigerian Queries. She is a tech enthusiast who loves reading, writing and research

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