Types of National Identity in Nigeria

Last updated on August 4th, 2023 at 08:24 pm

National identification refers to a person’s sense of identity or belonging to one or more states or countries. National identity documents come in a variety of forms and are used in Nigeria for identification, avoiding identity theft, and a host of other activities.

types of national identity in Nigeria

The many forms of national identification certificates that are accessible to Nigerian citizens and authorized residents of Nigeria will be covered in this article. Discover what they are by continuing to read.


Following is a discussion of the various national identities in Nigeria.


The National Identity Number (NIN) is a tool for confirming a person’s identity. When a Nigerian citizen or legal resident enrolls to be included in the National Identity Database, they are given a special 11-digit number. It also applies to all legal transactions conducted within Nigeria.

Enrollment is the first step in the procedure to obtain a National Identity Number, whether you are a citizen or a naturalized citizen. Any National Identity Management Commission (NIMC) registration center that has been granted accreditation can be used for this. The person’s passport photos, fingerprints, and Certificate of Origin would all be needed at registration. The enrollee would receive a transaction slip right after following registration.

The NIN Slip can be ready in one day to five days. The applicant is then required to go back and submit the transaction slip to the permanent NIN Slip. The second row of the NIN Slip’s upper left corner contains the NIN, an 11-digit number. Although obtaining a NIN is free, renewing one costs money.


The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) required all Nigerians with bank accounts to have a Bank Verification Number as of March 14, 2014. According to the Central Bank of Nigeria Act of 1958, the BVN was put into place to lessen financial crimes in the monetary sector.

Every person in Nigeria with a bank account receives a special 11-digit number known as the Bank Verification Number (BVN). The same person receives the same treatment from all banking institutions. In other words, it is expected that a person who has 5 bank accounts with various financial institutions will use the same BVN for all of them.

The BVN registration functions as a biometric identity system by storing the fingerprint, signature, and facial photograph of the enrollee that were taken at the time of enrollment. The BVN should not be disclosed to anyone and should be kept private.


An international passport is an authorized form of national identification for Nigerian nationals and is necessary for all traveling abroad, whether it be by air, land, or sea. The Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS) in Nigeria issues five different types of international passports: the Diplomatic passport, Official passport, Standard passport, Pilgrim passport, and Seaman Book passport. According to each person’s place in the nation, these passports are given out.

High-ranking public officials typically receive the diplomatic passport and the official passport, which come with a number of benefits including streamlined foreign travel and freedom from some airport procedures. Every Nigerian citizen wishing to go abroad is given a Standard passport, whereas pilgrims are given a Pilgrims passport in order to visit to holy cities like Mecca and Jerusalem. People who often travel by sea and work on ships and perhaps other vessels are given the Seamon Book passport.


A Certificate of Origin is a sense of identity that describes a person’s paternal lineage. This implies that the community of origin of the father controls it. This is a general form of identification that must be presented when applying for jobs, scholarships, employment opportunities, and admittance to educational institutions, among other things.

This kind of identity is also necessary for registering for a National Identity Number, getting an overseas passport, and many other official contacts. The same purpose is served by both the Certificate of State of Origin and the Certificate of Local Government of Origin.

The State Liaison Office and the Local Government Secretariat, respectively, issue the Certificate of State of Origin and Certificate of Local Government Origin. A resident of a State different than the applicant’s State of origin will often receive the Certificate of State of Origin. For example, if a resident of Lagos State who is from Delta State wishes to obtain a Certificate of State of Origin. Such a candidate must apply in person at the Delta State Liaison Office in Lagos State.

On the other side, a person must visit their local government secretariat to request for and get the document if they reside in their state of origin and seek to get a Certificate of Local Government of Origin.


Driving on Nigerian public roads is only permitted with a valid driver’s license. Also, the Federal Road Safety Commission is in charge of granting drivers’ licenses to those who meet the necessary requirements.

Nonetheless, a person must first take a driving course to become proficient behind the wheel before becoming eligible for a driver’s license. After receiving a certificate of driving competency from a school recognized by the FRSC, the person can next register for a driver’s license either online or offline.


Every child born in Nigeria is given a birth certificate, which is a form of national identification. Every Nigerian born must be registered, and this is the responsibility of the National Population Commission (NPC).

Every one of the 774 Local Government Areas, as well as hospitals, health centers, and other medical facilities, has an NPC registration center. Obtaining a birth certificate within sixty days of the child’s birth is entirely free.


That’s the view of the types of national identity cards available in Nigeria. I think this blog post was quite informative for you. Below, you can leave comments and thoughts.

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Oluchi Chukwu

Oluchi is a seasoned Information blogger, content developer and the editor of Nigerian Queries. She is a tech enthusiast who loves reading, writing and research

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