Full List of States, Capitals & Territories of the US

The United States of America is made up of 50 states, each with its own unique history, culture and geography. With an estimated population of over 400 million people, Washington, D.C., is the nation’s capital, including five large territories, and numerous small islands. Washington, D.C., along with the 48 contiguous states, are located in North America bordering Canada and Mexico. Hawaii is an archipelago in the middle of the Pacific, and Alaska is an outpost in the far northwest of North America that is solely connected to Canada. The Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea are both filled with American territories.

states and capitals and territories of the united states

The 50 separate states and the United States as a whole are each sovereign jurisdictions, according to the many rulings of the US Supreme Court. The Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution grants states the right to exercise all governmental functions not specifically assigned to the federal government, preventing the states from functioning as administrative divisions of the nation. These include establishing local governments, conducting elections, controlling intrastate trade, and approving constitutional revisions. Each state has a unique constitution based on republican ideals, as well as an executive, legislative, and judicial branch of government.

In the federal Congress, a bicameral body made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives, all states and their citizens are represented. Two senators are allocated to each state, while representatives are distributed according to the most recent decennial census, as required by the constitution. Additionally, each state is allowed to choose as many electors to participate in the Electoral College, the body that chooses the president of the United States, as there are senators and representatives from that state in Congress. The Constitution’s Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 gives Congress the power to admit new states to the Union. The number of states has increased from the initial 13 to the present total of 50 since the founding of the United Ones in 1776, and each new state is accepted on an equal basis with the existing states.

The federal district, which is not a part of any state, is under the “exclusive jurisdiction” of Congress, as stated in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution. The district lacked an elected municipal government until the 1973 enactment of the District of Columbia Home Rule Act, which transferred some Congressional responsibilities to an elected mayor and council. However, Congress still has the authority to review and invalidate council-created laws and get involved in municipal matters. The district is not represented in the Senate because it is not a state. But a non-voting delegate has been standing in for its citizens in the House of Representatives ever since 1971. In addition, the district has had the right to choose three electors to represent it in the Electoral College since 1961, when the 23rd Amendment was ratified.


Below is a table showing alphabetically all 50 states and their capitals, population, nicknames and the largest cities in each of the various states in the US.

Alabama AL 4,447,100 Montgomery Birmingham Yellowhammer State; The Cotton State; The Heart of Dixie
Alaska AK 626,932 Marchau Anchorage The Last Frontier or Land of the Midnight Sun
Arizona AZ 5,130,632 Phoenix Grand Canyon State
Arkansas AR 2,673,400 Little Rock The Natural State
California CA 33,871,648 Sacramento Los Angeles Golden State
Colorado CO 4,301,261 Denver Centennial State
Connecticut CT 3,405,565 Hartford Bridgeport Constitution State; Nutmeg State
Delaware DE 783,600 Dover Wilmington Diamond State; First State; Small Wonder
Florida FL 15,982,378 Tallahassee Jacksonville Sunshine State
Georgia GA 8,186,453 Atlanta Peach State; Empire State of the South
Hawaii HI 1,211,537 Honolulu Aloha State
Idaho ID 1,293,953 Boise Gem State
Illinois IL 12,419,293 Springfield Chicago Prairie State
Indiana IN 6,080,485 Indianapolis Hoosier State
Iowa IA 2,926,324 Des Moines Hawkeye State
Kansas KS 2,688,418 Topeka Wichita Sunflower State; Jayhawk State
Kentucky KY 4,041,769 Frankfort Lexington Bluegrass State
Louisiana LA 4,468,976 Baton Rouge New Orleans Pelican State
Maine ME 1,274,923 Augusta Portland Pine Tree State
Maryland MD 5,296,486 Annapolis Baltimore Free State; Old Line State
Massachusetts MA 6,349,097 Boston Bay State; Old Colony State
Michigan MI 9,938,444 Lansing Detroit Wolverine State; Great Lakes State
Minnesota MN 4,919,479 St. Paul Minneapolis North Star State; Gopher State; Land of 10,000 Lakes
Mississippi MS 2,844,658 Jackson Magnolia State
Missouri MO 5,595,211 Jefferson City Kansas City Show-me State
Montana MT 902,195 Helena Billings Treasure State
Nebraska NE 1,711,263 Lincoln Omaha Cornhusker State; Beef State
Nevada NV 1,998,257 Carson City Las Vegas Sagebrush State; Silver State; Battle Born State
New Hampshire NH 1,235,786 Concord Manchester Granite State
New Jersey NJ 8,414,350 Trenton Newark Garden State
New Mexico NM 1,819,046 Santa Fe Albuquerque Land of Enchantment
New York NY 18,976,457 Albany New York City Empire State
North Carolina NC 8,049,313 Raleigh Charlotte Tar Heel State
North Dakota ND 642,200 Bismarck Fargo Sioux State; Flickertail State; Peace Garden State; Rough Rider State
Ohio OH 11,353,140 Columbus Buckeye State
Oklahoma OK 3,450,654 Oklahoma City Sooner State
Oregon OR 3,421,399 Salem Portland Beaver State
Pennsylvania PA 12,281,054 Harrisburg Philadelphia Keystone State
Rhode Island RI 1,048,319 Providence The Ocean State
South Carolina SC 4,012,012 Columbia Palmetto State
South Dakota SD 754,844 Pierre Sioux Falls Mount Rushmore State; Coyote State
Tennessee TN 5,689,283 Nashville Memphis Volunteer State
Texas TX 20,851,820 Austin Houston Lone Star State
Utah UT 2,233,169 Salt Lake City Beehive State
Vermont VT 608,827 Montpelier Burlington Green Mountain State
Virginia VA 7,078,515 Richmond Virginia Beach The Old Dominion; Mother of Presidents
Washington WA 5,894,121 Olympia Seattle Evergreen State
West Virginia WV 1,808,344 Charleston Mountain State
Wisconsin WI 5,363,675 Madison Milwaukee Badger State
Wyoming WY 493,782 Cheyenne Equality State


The United States also controls 14 territories in addition to its 50 states and federal district. Nine of them do not have a permanent nonmilitary population, whereas five of them have (American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands). All of the territories are situated in the Pacific Ocean, with the exception of Navassa Island, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, which are found in the Caribbean. The remaining territories are unincorporated, which means that the Constitution does not completely apply to them.

Palmyra Atoll is one of the territories that is regarded to be incorporated, meaning that the full body of the Constitution has been applied to it. The Minor Outlying Islands and American Samoa are two of the ten territories that are regarded as unorganized, meaning that Congress has not passed an Organic Act into law. The other four territories are regarded as organized, meaning that Congress has passed an Organic Act into law. In addition to having territorial legislatures and governors, the five inhabited territories also each have a non-voting delegate in Congress and limited autonomy, but citizens are not allowed to vote in federal elections.

Here are all 14 territories of the United States of America

  • American Samoa
  • Baker Island
  • Guam
  • Howland Island
  • Jarvis Island
  • Johnston Atoll
  • Kingman Reef
  • Midway Islands
  • Navassa Island
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • Palmyra Atoll
  • Puerto Rico
  • Virgin Islands
  • Wake Island
join us on telegram join our whatsapp channel

Oluchi Chukwu

Oluchi is a seasoned Information blogger, content developer and the editor of Nigerian Queries. She is a tech enthusiast who loves reading, writing and research

You may also like...

Leave a Reply