Top Libraries in Nigeria & Locations: Full List

In an era where information can be accessed via mobile phones connected to the internet, it is important to remember the primary source of knowledge – Libraries. In this article, we will explore the top libraries in Nigeria and their locations.

national library in Nigeria

An image of a Nigerian Library

Libraries are a vast wealth of information, consisting of books, manuscripts, newspapers, etc. Just like museums in Nigeria, Libraries can be found in universities, and are seen as research institutions where reading about history, architecture, can spur one to learn about reality. In short, they are generally public places where anyone can access the world of knowledge.

There are over 400 public libraries in Nigeria which serves as an archive of knowledge, as it holds the key to literacy. With their wide range of resources, libraries cater to different interests and age groups, encouraging reading culture and lifelong learning.

Nigeria, with its rich and colorful history, understands the significance of libraries. The country is home to a number of national libraries that preserve its cultural, historical, and literary aspects for future generations. First of all, lets discuss about the different types of libraries in Nigeria.


The following are the various kinds of libraries in Nigeria:


Most academic libraries can be found in universities. These educational institutions consist of universities, polytechnics, education colleges, and other similar establishments. Academic libraries are vital because they support lecturers in addition to students. Each faculty member at the organisation has a library. The university itself also includes a location where instructors and students from various faculties can obtain whatever resources they may require for instruction and research. Academic libraries now offer the ability to download books and research materials online and print them, thanks to technological advancements.


The majority of nursery, primary, and secondary schools have school libraries. Different learning resources, including books, are available in this kind of library for both teachers and students. These books are only meant for small children and are kept in a very orderly manner. These kids benefit from school libraries by learning how to use them and by forming a reading habit at a young age. The school library provides instructional materials for teachers. Additionally, students read in a quiet, comfortable setting. They employ high-quality furniture and well designed educational resources. Achieving the goals of the educational system is the school library’s only purpose. They also aid in enhancing the students’ growth. School libraries support students’ intellectual growth.


Both private persons and private organisations own private libraries. The general public cannot enter private libraries. The majority of people construct and set up libraries in their homes. The majority of it is set up in a room. Then, various literature for leisure and thought are stacked in this unique space. When people have personal libraries in their houses, their children can use the resources as well. It benefits them to become accustomed to using the library early in life. Churches might also own private libraries.


Libraries designated for public use in towns and cities are known as public libraries. Typically, public monies from taxes are used to administer and operate these libraries. Public civil servants often make up the workforce. Visitors to public libraries are not charged a fee. A public library has a wide variety of resources and books from all fields of expertise. Youngsters can also locate educational resources and publications that suit their needs. Books on a variety of subjects, including history, education, and medicine, can be found in public libraries.

Public libraries are frequented by people seeking information on any topic. They might also get information about travel, business, health, and other areas of the nation, as well as government actions and policies. To find out where to find the information you need in the public library, you must visit the reference section. The preservation of a wide range of cultural and ethical items is another purpose of public libraries.


Government-owned and financed libraries are known as national library. Intellectual resources and materials pertaining to the nation’s history are preserved in a national library. The national library is also responsible for publishing the country’s national bibliography. Additionally, it protects the nation’s legacy so that future generations can learn about its past. Stated differently, the national library’s exclusive goal is to safeguard, conserve, and maintain the nation’s history and cultural legacy. The fact that national libraries do not lend books or other items to the general public is their lone drawback. They exclusively lease their materials and books to specific organisations.


Libraries that are primarily set up in moveable vehicles are known as mobile libraries. These cars travel from one location to another. The general public is able to use them in the areas where the cars are parked. They are primarily observed in rural settings, including villages. These mobile libraries assist the villagers in locating books and resources that address their basic educational needs as well as intellectual ones. The mobile libraries go between the villages.


Typically, some organisations create special libraries. The special library’s contents are typically associated with the specific institution that houses it. Information about the organisation is stored in the special library, where it is always available for collection and retrieval as needed. There are always special users for particular libraries. These users are always authorities in that certain domain. The most knowledgeable people in the specific topic are the librarians working in special libraries. Special libraries can be found in hospitals, large corporations, and churches. They are not meant for the wider audience. The books in the special library are exclusively intended for use by the organisation.


Here is a list of the various libraries in the country and where they are located.

Library Name Location State Year Established Website Type
Abdullahi Mohammed Public Library, A.B.U Samaru Samaru – Zaria Kaduna State 1963 Link Public Library
Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Library Bauchi Bauchi State 1981 Link Academic Library
African Heritage Research Library and Cultural Center Adeyipo Village, Ibadan Oyo State 1988 Link Research Library
Akwa Ibom State Library Uyo Akwa Ibom State 2007 Link Public Library
American University of Nigeria library Yola Adamawa State 2003 Link Academic Library
Anambra State Library Board Multiple Locations in Anambra Anambra State 1966 Link Public Library
Azaiki Public Library Yenagoa Bayelsa State 1998 Link Public Library
Badagry Divisional Library Badagry Lagos State Link Public Library
Bauchi State Library Board Bauchi Bauchi State 1976 Link Public Library
Bayelsa Public Library Yenagoa Bayelsa Construction began 2002 (ongoing) Public Library
Bayero University library Kano Kano State 1964 Link Academic Library
Borno House Library Jakande Estate, Amuwo Odofin Lagos state Link Public Library
Cross River State Library Calabar Cross River State 1989 Link Public Library
Delta State Polytechnic Library Oghara Delta State Nov 2002 Link Academic Library
Donald E. U. Ekong Library, University of Port Harcourt Port Harcourt Rivers State Link Academic Library
Edo State Library Board Benin City Edo State 1971 Link Public Library
Enugu State Central Library Enugu Enugu State 1958 Link Public Library
Enugu State Library Board, Central Library Enugu Enugu State 1955 Link Public Library
Federal University Birnin-Kebbi Birnin Kebbi Kebbi State 2014 Link Academic Library
Federal University Dutsinma Dutsin-Ma Kastina State 2011 Link Academic Library
Federal University Lafia Lafia Nasarawa 2011 Link Academic Library
Federal University Lokoja Lokoja Kogi 2011 Link Academic Library
Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta Abeokuta Ogun State 1988 Nimbe Adedipe Library, FUNAAB Academic Library
Federal University of Technology Owerri Library Owerri Imo State 1982 Link Academic Library
Goethe Institute library Lagos Lagos State 1962 Link Public Library
Gombe State University Library Gombe Gombe State 2004 Link Academic Library
Herbert Macaulay Library Yaba, Lagos Lagos State 1966 Link Public Library
Ibom E-library Uyo Akwa Ibom State 2007 Link Public Library
Ikeja Secretariat Library Ikeja Lagos State 1980 Link Public Library
Ilupeju Public Library Ilupeju Lagos state Link Public Library
Imo State Library Board Owerri Imo State 1976 Link Public Library
Ipaja Public Library Shagari Estate Lagos state Link Public Library
Isolo Public Library Isolo Lagos State Link Public Library
Jenta Reads Community Library Jenta Mangoro, Jos Plateau State 2017 Public Library
Jos Museum library Jos Plateau State 1952 Link Public Library
Kaduna State Library Board Kaduna Kaduna State 1952 Link Public Library
Kano State Library Board Kano Kano State 1968 Link Public Library
Kashim Ibrahim Library, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria Kaduna Zaria Kaduna State 1962 Link Academic Library
Kenneth Dike Library, University of Ibadan Ibadan Oyo State 1948 Link Academic Library
Kwara State Library Ilorin Kwara State 1968 Link Public Library
Lagos City Libraries Lagos Lagos State Public Library
Lagos Library Lagos Lagos State 1932 Subscription Library
Lagos State e-learning Centre Lagos Lagos State 2012 Link Public Library
Lagos State Library Board Ikeja Lagos State 1964 Link Public Library
Medical Research Institute library Lagos Lagos State 1945 Link Medical Library
National Centre for Agricultural Mechanization (NCAM) Library Ilorin Kwara State 2004 Research Library
National Library of Nigeria Abuja Federal Capital Territory 1962 Link National Library
National Library, Calabar Calabar Cross River State 1964 National Library
National Library, Kwara Ilorin Kwara State 1980 Link National Library
National Museum library Lagos Lagos State 1957 Link National Museum Library
Nile University of Nigeria Library Abuja Federal Capital Territory 2009 Link Academic Library
Northern Regional Library Kaduna Kaduna State 1967 Public Library
Ogun State Library Abeokuta Ogun State 1976 Public Library
Olusegun Obasanjo Presidential Library Abeokuta Ogun state 2017 Link Private Library
Ondo State Library Board Akure Ondo State 1976 Public Library
Orolu Local Government Library Ifon Osun Osun State 1990 Public Library
Oyo State Library Ibadan Oyo State 1954 Public Library
Plateau State Library Board Jos Plateau State 1976 Public Library
Rivers State Central Library Port Harcourt Rivers State 1962 Public Library
Tolu Public Library Ajegunle Lagos State Public Library
Unesco mobile library Enugu State 1958 Mobile Library
University of Jos Library, Jos Jos Plateau State 1972 Link Academic Library
University of Nigeria, Nsukka libraries Nsukka Enugu State 1960 Link Academic Library
Zaccheus Onumba Dibiaezue Memorial Libraries Ikoyi Lagos State 2000 Link


Our exploration of Nigeria’s libraries has taken us across the nation, listing all top libraries from public, national, academic and even state owned libraries in the country.

In order to promote education, literacy, cultural preservation, and economic growth in Nigeria, it is important to support libraries and cultivate a reading culture. By giving citizens access to information and chances for development, libraries assist people, communities, and the country as a whole.

Whether you seek academic resources to fuel your mind, historical archives to unveil the past, or simply a quiet space to lose yourself in a story, Nigeria’s libraries offer something for everyone. They stand as testaments to the power of knowledge, the importance of literacy, and the enduring impact of stories.

So, the next time you find yourself seeking knowledge, inspiration, or simply a refuge from the everyday, remember the wealth of possibilities hidden within the walls of Nigeria’s libraries. Step through their doors, explore their treasures, and embark on your own literary adventure. The stories within are waiting to be discovered.



The biggest library in Nigeria is the National Library of Nigeria, located in Abuja. It serves as the legal depository for all materials published in Nigeria.


Yes, there are digital libraries in Nigeria. With advancements in technology, several institutions and organizations have established digital libraries to provide access to electronic resources such as e-books, academic journals, and research papers.


The opening hours of libraries in Nigeria vary depending on the institution and its location. Generally, libraries in urban areas may have longer opening hours compared to those in rural areas. It’s advisable to check the specific library’s website or contact them directly for their operating hours.


Yes, many Nigerian libraries have dedicated children’s sections. These sections are designed to cater to the needs and interests of young readers, providing a variety of age-appropriate books, educational materials, and activities to encourage reading and learning among children.


Some of the challenges facing libraries in Nigeria include inadequate funding, outdated infrastructure and technology, limited access to current and relevant materials, insufficient staffing, and issues related to preservation and conservation of materials. Additionally, factors such as socio-economic disparities and lack of awareness about the importance of libraries contribute to the challenges faced by these institutions.

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Oluchi Chukwu

Oluchi is a seasoned Information blogger, content developer and the editor of Nigerian Queries. She is a tech enthusiast who loves reading, writing and research

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