How to Become a US Citizen as a Nigerian Immigrant (2023)

As a Nigerian immigrant, obtaining US citizenship can be a long and complex process. However, with the right knowledge and guidance, it is possible to navigate through the various steps and requirements to become a US citizen. This article will provide an overview of the process and requirements for Nigerian immigrants seeking to become US citizens.

how to Become a US Citizen as a Nigerian Immigrant

The first step in becoming a US citizen as a Nigerian immigrant is to obtain permanent residency, also known as a green card. This can be achieved through various avenues, such as family sponsorship, employment, or refugee/asylum status. Once a green card is obtained, the individual must meet additional requirements, such as maintaining continuous residency in the US and demonstrating good moral character.

After meeting the necessary requirements, the individual can then apply for naturalization, which involves submitting an application, attending an interview, and passing a civics and English language test. It is important to note that the process can take several years and may require the assistance of an immigration lawyer. Overall, becoming a US citizen as a Nigerian immigrant requires patience, persistence, and a thorough understanding of the process.


US citizenship is the legal status granted to individuals who are born in the United States or who have gone through the process of naturalization. Being a US citizen comes with many rights and responsibilities, including the right to vote, the ability to work in the United States without a visa, and the ability to apply for a US passport.


US citizenship provides many benefits to individuals, including:

  • The ability to vote in federal elections
  • Access to certain government benefits, such as Social Security and Medicare
  • Protection from deportation
  • The ability to sponsor relatives for immigration to the United States
  • The ability to travel freely outside of the United States and return without a visa


To become a US citizen, an individual must meet certain requirements, including:

  • Being at least 18 years old
  • Being a lawful permanent resident (green card holder) for at least five years (or three years if married to a US citizen)
  • Residing continuously in the United States for at least five years (or three years if married to a US citizen)
  • Demonstrating good moral character
  • Passing a civics and English language test
  • Taking an oath of allegiance to the United States

In addition to these requirements, an individual must also submit an application and pay a fee to the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). The process of becoming a US citizen can be complex and time-consuming, but the benefits of citizenship are well worth the effort.

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While it isn’t easy to become an American citizen, there are some challenges that might come your way. Also, note that the advantages outweigh these challenges.


Nigerian immigrants face a number of challenges when it comes to obtaining US citizenship. Some of these challenges include:

  • Lengthy and complex application process: The US citizenship application process can be quite lengthy and complex, requiring applicants to fill out numerous forms and provide extensive documentation.
  • High cost of application: The cost of applying for US citizenship can be prohibitive for many Nigerian immigrants, who may struggle to afford the fees associated with the application process.
  • Language barriers: Many Nigerian immigrants may struggle with English, which can make it difficult for them to navigate the citizenship application process or communicate effectively with immigration officials.
  • Discrimination: Nigerian immigrants, like many other immigrant groups, may face discrimination and prejudice in their efforts to obtain US citizenship.


Despite the challenges they face, Nigerian immigrants bring a number of advantages to the US. Some of these advantages include:

  • Educational attainment: Nigerian immigrants are among the most highly educated immigrant groups in the US, with many holding advanced degrees in fields such as medicine, engineering, and law.
  • Entrepreneurial spirit: Nigerian immigrants are known for their entrepreneurial spirit, and many have started successful businesses in the US.
  • Cultural diversity: Nigerian immigrants bring a rich cultural heritage to the US, contributing to the country’s diversity and helping to foster cross-cultural understanding.
  • Workforce contributions: Nigerian immigrants make valuable contributions to the US workforce, filling critical roles in fields such as healthcare, technology, and finance.

Overall, while Nigerian immigrants face a number of challenges in their efforts to obtain US citizenship, they also bring a wealth of advantages to the country. By recognizing and supporting the contributions of Nigerian immigrants, the US can continue to benefit from their talents, skills, and cultural diversity.


To become a Citizen of the United States, you have to observe the following:


To become a US citizen as a Nigerian immigrant, there are certain eligibility requirements that must be met. Firstly, the applicant must be at least 18 years old and have been a lawful permanent resident of the United States for at least five years. Alternatively, if the applicant is married to a US citizen, they must have been a lawful permanent resident for at least three years. Additionally, the applicant must have good moral character, be able to speak, read, and write English, and pass a civics test.


The naturalization process involves several steps, including submitting an application, providing biometrics, attending an interview, and taking the oath of allegiance. The application form, N-400, must be completed and submitted to the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) along with the required documents and fees. After the application is processed, the applicant will be scheduled for biometrics, where their fingerprints and photo will be taken.


To become a US citizen, applicants must pass a civics test that covers topics such as US history, government, and geography. The USCIS provides study materials, including a list of 100 civics questions and answers, to help applicants prepare for the test. Applicants should review these materials and practice answering the questions to ensure they are ready for the test.


After the application and biometrics are processed, the applicant will be scheduled for a citizenship interview. During the interview, the USCIS officer will review the application, ask questions about the applicant’s background, and administer the civics test. Applicants should bring all required documents to the interview and be prepared to answer questions truthfully and accurately.


If the applicant passes the citizenship test and interview, they will be scheduled to take the oath of allegiance. This is the final step in the naturalization process and marks the official moment when the applicant becomes a US citizen. During the ceremony, the applicant will swear allegiance to the United States and receive their Certificate of Naturalization.


In conclusion, becoming a US citizen as a Nigerian immigrant can be a long and complex process, but it is achievable with the right resources and guidance. By following the steps outlined in this article, including obtaining legal permanent residency, meeting the eligibility requirements, and completing the necessary forms and interviews, Nigerian immigrants can successfully become US citizens.

It is important to note that the process may take several years, and applicants should be prepared to invest time, money, and effort into the process. Additionally, applicants should be aware of the potential challenges and obstacles they may face, including language barriers, cultural differences, and discrimination.

However, with determination and perseverance, Nigerian immigrants can overcome these challenges and successfully integrate into American society as US citizens. By obtaining citizenship, they can enjoy the benefits and opportunities that come with being a US citizen, including the right to vote, run for public office, and access government benefits.

Overall, becoming a US citizen as a Nigerian immigrant requires careful planning, preparation, and patience. By following the steps outlined in this article and seeking guidance from experienced immigration professionals, Nigerian immigrants can achieve their dream of becoming US citizens and contributing to the diverse fabric of American society.

Oluchi Chukwu

Oluchi is a seasoned Information blogger, content developer and the editor of Nigerian Queries. She is a tech enthusiast who loves reading, writing and research

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