Lagos vs Abuja: Which is Better to Live in (2024)

Looking to relocate within Nigeria? Wondering where to settle between the two largest cities—Lagos or Abuja? Both have their own pros and cons as places to live in Nigeria.

Lagos offers more job opportunities as the commercial capital but struggles with infrastructure pressures from rapid growth.

Lagos and Abuja which is better to live

Abuja enjoys better living standards as a planned city but has fewer economic prospects.

The dilemma for many Nigerians comes down to—should I pursue my career in bustling Lagos or enjoy a more comfortable life in stable Abuja?

When making this decision, key factors like job availability, infrastructure, housing, lifestyle, cost and security should be considered before determining which city aligns better with one’s priorities.

So which is generally better for living — Lagos or Abuja?


The following is an in-depth comparison of living in Nigeria’s commercial city versus living in capital city.


As the commercial capital of Nigeria, Lagos offers far more job and business opportunities compared to Abuja.

In Lagos, one can find work in diverse sectors like banking, oil and gas, manufacturing, tourism and entertainment among others. There is abundant access to customers, suppliers, skilled workers and business partnerships. The city accounts for over 60% of industrial and commercial activities in the country.

In contrast, the economy of Abuja revolves around government administration and political activities. Private sector opportunities are still developing. Professionals here mainly work in the civil service, embassy or support services for government agencies.

So for anyone prioritizing economic prospects, Lagos provides a clear advantage.

Verdict: Lagos


Abuja has the upper hand being a planned city in terms of infrastructure like roads, housing, power supply and others. Road networks connect different parts of the city making commuting relatively smooth. Public amenities also fare better here. Power outages are fewer while water supply is more regular.

Lagos has to cope with infrastructure pressures from uncontrolled expansion and huge population growth over the years. This leads to heavy traffic congestion, inadequate housing and frequent power cuts across the city.

However, things are improving with aggressive development of roads, BRT lanes, affordable apartments and power projects.

Verdict: Abuja


When assessing quality of life by the availability of decent housing, education, healthcare and such, Abuja ranks higher. Public schools and hospitals are better maintained and equipped here than in Lagos as funds are centralized. Private institutions also attract more funding. Accommodation gets cheaper further from the city center.

In Lagos, substandard housing and overcrowded facilities are common sights due to rapid urbanization and income inequality. Private schools and hospitals are way more expensive which stretches the average worker’s income.

However, one also gains proximity to amenities and opportunities by living in Lagos.

Verdict: Abuja


While Abuja offers a more comfortable lifestyle, affordability is a challenge. The cost of housing, food, healthcare and other services is generally steeper here than Lagos. Taxes are also higher in the capital. Opening and running a business costs more given the high rental rates. Without an equally high income level, living costs can quickly drain savings.

Meanwhile in Lagos, though quality of services and products is compromised, there are more budget-friendly alternatives for housing, schools, transport and others. The sheer range of options makes it possible to minimize expenditure while getting value.

So Lagos provides opportunity with affordability.

Verdict: Lagos


Lagos has a lot more to offer when it comes to rich cultural heritage and vibrant lifestyle. As a coastal and ethnically diverse city with strong tourism, Lagos hums with energy, color and activity on a daily. There is always one cultural event or the other happening frequently – festivals, carnivals, shows e.t.c. Nightlife is very active too with people hanging out in bars, clubs and lounges across the city. Socially, Lagos offers an enriching and engaging experience.

Abuja maintains a more lowkey vibe since entertainment spots are fewer. The city empties out after work save from few restaurants and clubs. As residents are mostly civil servants and executives, lifestyle is also quieter and more formal.

However, tourism potential is starting to develop with some parks, resorts and recreational centers springing up.

Verdict: Lagos


Security is pivotal to quality of life and Abuja still retains a relative advantage. As the administrative seat and a planned city, security formation is stringent with lesser crime incidents reported. Police and security presence ensures protection of lives and property. Though not completely immune from criminal activities, the perception of safety in the capital is higher.

In Lagos, the large population and diversity comes with complex security challenges – robbery, kidnapping, violence and more. ALSO READ: TOP 10 SAFEST STATES IN NIGERIA

However, the State government has intensified community policing and law enforcement strategies which has helped improve safety over the last few years across the metropolis. Still Abuja edges ahead regarding security.

Verdict: Abuja


Determining whether Lagos or Abuja is better for living comes down to individual circumstances and expectations. For job-seekers and entrepreneurs, Lagos offers immense opportunities to build careers and launch businesses. But quality services, facilities and amenities are better in Abuja. One seeking an active, engaging lifestyle fueled by culture will find Lagos vibrant whereas Abuja has a more stable, sedate environment.

With their unique strengths and weaknesses, both cities complement each other in driving Nigeria’s economic and social development. Improving livability metrics in both places will be an advantage for the country. The higher costs may be worth it if the infrastructure, safety and jobs grow in proportion too.

For most Nigerians trying to make a choice, arguably the ideal scenario would be to work and prosper in Lagos while heading towards a comfortable retirement in Abuja.


So, which city is better for living – Lagos or Abuja? The answer depends on one’s priorities.

Lagos has more job and business opportunities but struggles with overpopulation and infrastructure gaps.

Abuja offers better housing, facilities and security as a planned city, but fewer economic prospects. Both cities have their pros and cons.

Ultimately if you prioritize career growth, business development and don’t mind the chaos, Lagos would be a good option. But if you value comfort, decent amenities and safety, Abuja would suit you better.

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Oluchi Chukwu

Oluchi is a seasoned Information blogger, content developer and the editor of Nigerian Queries. She is a tech enthusiast who loves reading, writing and research

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