Low Sperm Count in Nigeria: Causes & Cure

Last updated on August 3rd, 2023 at 12:27 am

Do you know that low sperm count is a common problem in Nigeria? In fact, recent studies have shown that about one in five Nigerian men suffer from low sperm count. If you’re one of those men, don’t worry – there are plenty of ways to improve your fertility and increase your chances of conceiving a child. Keep reading to learn more about the causes of low sperm count and how you can overcome it.

low sperm count in Nigeria

If you’ve been striving to procreate for a long time but haven’t been fortunate, you could have a low sperm count. This means that there are less swimmers in your sperm than usual. When a person’s sperm count is less than 15 million per millilitre of sperm, he is considered to have oligospermia. Low sperm count can be caused by a number of factors, including medical conditions, alcohol usage, and drug use.

What are the most effective techniques to boost your sperm count? Natural therapies and medications that may boost sperm count in Nigeria are discussed in this article.


The average amount of sperm contained in a male is referred to as sperm count. During routine semen investigations, fertility physicians examine sperm count, which they regard to be a significant component in fertility.

Experts believe a healthy sperm concentration to be 15 million per milliliter (ml), or at minimum 39 million per ejaculate, according to the most recent World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines.

A sperm count of less than 15 million per ml is considered poor by doctors and can lead to fertility problems.

Generally, health specialists feel that testosterone-related factors have the biggest influence on sperm availability and value. Sperm count can also be affected by medical problems such as hereditary genetic abnormalities, infections, and cancers.

Several living alterations and natural therapies, on the other hand, can help boost the hormones that control sperm production, which could also help sperm mature normally and increase sperm count.


When you try to have a family, you may not notice any indications or symptoms of low sperm quality.

  • Infertility is the most common symptom of oligospermia. Reduced sexual desire
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Swelling or soreness in or around the testicles
  • Less face or body hair

These are some of the symptoms of low sperm count.

In the following paragraphs, we’ll look at the causes of low sperm count. We’ll also figure out how to get rid of this health problem.


Obesity or overweight, trauma or surgery in or outside the testicles, and the use of certain drugs are all risk factors for low sperm count.

Other factors that may put you at risk include overheating your testicles or having other medical problems. Outside of that, there are a number of factors that contribute to poor sperm quality, which can also be classified into three categories: medical, environmental, and lifestyle.

The following three factors may contribute to a drop in sperm count:


The most prevalent and reversible reason of decreased sperm count is varicocele, which induces enlargement of the veins that drain the testicles. Sperm production can be hampered by certain infectious diseases. Other medical causes of oligospermia include medications that induce ejaculatory issues, malignancies and tumors, surgeries, undescended testicles, hormonal imbalances, flaws in the tubules that carry sperm, some chromosomal anomalies, and so on.


The testicles are located beyond the abdominal cavity because optimal sperm conditions are somewhat lower than body temperature.

Sperm output can be reduced if your testicles are overheated. This means that anything from continuous use of hot baths to resting with your laptop on your lap could reduce your count.

Level of exposure to herbicides, pesticides, solvents, and other industrial chemicals or heavy metals are other probable environmental factors. Radiation from X-rays or other sources may also have an effect on sperm production.


Excessive drug and alcohol usage, as well as the use of tobacco or vaping, can all reduce sperm count.

Anabolic steroids, which are frequently used to gain muscular mass, nearly always cause testicles to shrink and sperm production to decline.

Marijuana and opiates both have a negative impact on sperm production.


Is masturbation a problem? You may very well have got to hear that excessive masturbation might reduce sperm count. According to a study, you could ejaculate every day and yet have normal sperm quality. Hence, masturbation isn’t an issue to worry, rather it improves your sexual performance.


The medication for low sperm count will be determined by the cause. There are also several ways you can vary up your TTC routine to increase your chances of getting pregnant. The following are treatments of low sperm count.


Surgery is a possibility in situations involving extensive varicoceles, obstructions, or problems with sperm exiting the body. A varicocele, for instance, can be treated with a simple outpatient procedure, and past vasectomies can be overturned.

In plenty of other case scenarios, sperm can be surgically extracted from the testicle or epididymis and used for assisted reproduction procedures such as in vitro fertilization (IVF).


Medicines can be used to treat infections of the genital tract. Infections must be treated as soon as possible. Even though an infection is appropriately treated, persistent tissue scarring may prevent sperm count from returning to normal.


Because low sperm count can be caused by testosterone as well as other hormone levels which were just too higher or lower, correcting the levels with drugs and other treatments may help bring back fertility.

It’s important to remember that anabolic steroids and testosterone might be dangerous. Additionally, most over-the-counter testosterone boosters might lead to infertility, so stay away from them.


The following are some things you can do at home to improve your chances of getting pregnant if you have a low sperm count:

Increasing the frequency of sexual contact and synchronizing sex with ovulation. Having intercourse every day or every other day in the days leading up to, during, and following ovulation, for instance. This will guarantee that swimmers who makes it all the route to the egg arrive at the appropriate time.

In addition, practices that increase the temperature of the testicles, which including regular hot tub dives, saunas, or steam rooms, should be avoided.

Finally, stay away from drugs and alcohol, as well as fitness supplements that have been linked to sperm quality issues.


Do you have concerns about your sperm count? The exciting news is that couples with low sperm counts can get pregnant! It could simply take longer than you anticipated.

If the problem persists after using the measures outlined in this article, you should consult a doctor to learn how to increase your reproductive performance. That approach, you’ll have a clearer idea of how low your count is and what medication alternatives are available.

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Oluchi Chukwu

Oluchi is a seasoned Information blogger, content developer and the editor of Nigerian Queries. She is a tech enthusiast who loves reading, writing and research

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